Author Archives: aenriquez

Hip Dislocation

By  aenriquez  published  August 18, 2020

A dislocated hip can be a very painful experience that requires medical intervention as soon as possible. The hip joint is located where the femoral end of the thighbone is joined to the hipbone socket. When the bone is dislocated it is pushed or forced out of the socket, most often the result of a collision between the knee and something hard – the ground, a wall, the helmet of another football player, and any number of other situations. A dislocation is also common after a car crash, as the knee is pushed fast at the dashboard, pushing the thighbone out of place.

Except for a bone fracture of some kind, however, any joint dislocation, from a medical point of view, is focused on ligaments, tendons, and other soft tissue that is damaged when the bone is dislocated. Flexible soft tissue, such as a ligament, can be overstretched and tear when a joint is pushed out of place.

Symptoms

  • Groin pain
  • Leg pain or numbness
  • Overheated skin (from swelling underneath)
  • Numbness in the feet

What to do …

Your physician at FXRX will first order X-rays or use another imaging machine to get a look at your hip socket. After that, you may be mildly sedated while the physician manipulates the thighbone back into place. One that is done – that step is called a reduction – the main concern will be healing the soft tissue that held the joint together in the first place.

The aim, of course, is to have the healing take place without long-term damage. This may take some time, as ligaments can be slow to heal. Part of the reason for the slow healing is the point that you will likely be moving your hip as soon as possible.

Talk to a physician at FXRX to find the right hip brace mean to immobilize a hip joint while it heals. It is unlikely you will re-injure the hip in the same manner, but in the early stages of healing your soft tissue will not be as strong as before, leaving you vulnerable to a repeated incident, although certainly, your doctor is trying to reduce the odds on that as much as possible.

If X-rays reveal considerable damage to ligaments in the area, your physician might suggest an arthroscopy procedure. This is considered a minimally invasive operation that requires a very small incision and insertion of very small equipment that can allow the physician to see your soft tissue structure and how much damage has been done.

 During an arthroscopy procedure, the physician can also insert medical devices that manipulate ligaments directly to repair the damage done.

Healing from a hip dislocation can take several months with movement range growing slowly but surely. You can work with a physical therapist to learn how to get around despite this injury. A brace may be recommended and a physical therapist can help you learn how to put one on and make use of it.

Continue Reading

Blood Clots – No Concern Or Scary?

By  aenriquez  published  July 23, 2020

Blood clots, which are diagnosed as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or Pulmonary Embolism (PE) are a very dangerous condition that can lead to heart attack, stroke, and damage to the lungs. If large enough, the PE type of blood clot can block blood from getting to your lunges, which causes your lungs to fail, which is quickly fatal.

The more optimistic news from a medical point of view is that DVT blood clots can be treated if caught in time, as doctors can prescribe medication that lowers blood viscosity, which can help dissolve the blood clot. Secondly, there are a variety of steps you can take to reduce the chances of developing a blood clot. And, more good news, you can discuss with your physician the option of having surgery to remove the blood clot.

DVT types of blood clots usually occur in deep veins in the legs, the pelvis, and sometimes in the arm. The danger of clots is that they can starve tissues of blood flow, which provide oxygen, nutrients, and other necessities to various parts of the body. A large clot that reaches blocks off blood flow to your lungs can result in long-term damage to your lungs or it can be quickly fatal if blood flow comes to a halt.

That said, while chances of survival have improved with modern medicines and techniques, between 33 percent and 50 percent of persons who develop a DVT are expected to develop complications from the DVT event. These complications include damage to the veins – most critically to valves in the vein – that creates a condition called post-thrombotic syndrome. This condition can include painful swelling, water retention, pain, and discoloration.  It can also create changes in your skin, most often with dry scaly skin, and with internal ulcers.

Risk factors

Besides the other complications that come with a DVT event, there is the bad news that a DVT event also puts you at higher risk for future DVT incidents. Other risk factors include”

A physical injury to a vein precipitated by a bone fracture, a muscle injury, surgery and other events that cause internal scarring

Slow blood flow precipitated by long episodes of staying in bed (while healing from various ailments or other reasons) limited movement caused by having to wear a cast, for example, and paralysis. Also, sitting for long periods with your legs crossed can increase your risks.

Various chemotherapy treatments for cancer

  • High levels of estrogen over long periods (often by taking birth control pills)
  • Heart disease
  • Lung diseases, such as emphysema
  • Lower bowel diseases (such as Crohn’s disease)
  • Family with a history of DVT
  • Obesity
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Age (the older you become, the higher your risk
  • Use of prostheses, such as a stent for your heart or a catheter place close to a deep vein

Lowering Your Risk of A DVT

Let’s see if we can balance out the risk factors with a list of risk reducers. Some lifestyle changes help lower your risk of DVT. Here are a few. Ask your doctor for other recommendations.

After confinement either sitting or lying for long periods, while recovering from surgery, for example, get up and move around as soon as you can. Get that blood flowing as they say – only now it’s for real. Get that blood flowing!

Wear what is called a graduated compression stocking that promotes better blood flow

Exercise, especially after an extended period sitting (in your car, for example). It is recommended that you take a break every two hours and stimulate blood flow with a vigorous walk for ten minutes or so. If that’s too stringent, walk for five minutes … or walk every three hours. You get the idea.

  • Loose weight
  • Stop smoking
  • Cut back to safe levels of alcohol intake

Find exercises you can do while sitting at a computer or watching television. For example, do 20 toe lifts followed by 20 heel lifts. Repeat that often. Sitting still promotes DVT events, while movement reduces your risk.

Symptoms

A PE event (pulmonary embolism) can hit quick and creates a very critical medical emergency. Like having a stroke or a heart attack (both of which can be brought on by a blood clot) a PE event is one of the top causes of sudden death.

While the symptoms are also critical, being aware of the symptoms might help you remember to get medical attention as quickly as possible. The symptoms to look for include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness of the skin

A fast or irregular heartbeat (as your heart struggles to get enough oxygen for itself and other tissues.

For top injury care in the Tempe, Arizona, area, call the FXRX clinic for an appointment. Dial 480-449-FXRX.

Continue Reading

Concussions Hit Hard – Take Precautions

By  aenriquez  published  July 2, 2020

Concussions sustained while participating in sports, especially in contact sports, has been a frequent topic for news media outlets in recent years. This occurred after it was discovered that many former professional football players were suffering from devastating effects of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, which occurs after repeated concussions inflicted. 

 

Thankfully, many coaches and medical assistants associated with sports teams have been trained to recognize symptoms of a mild concussion. New rules are also in place in sports leagues open to younger players to prevent repeated head injuries. Many sports organizations that have oversight over various sports have issued rules that say no athlete who suffers a concussion can be allowed back onto the field of play unless first cleared by a qualified neurologist or physician.

 

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a degenerative disorder that develops from repeated concussions. It is caused by Tau protein clumps that form in the brain and spread over time, killing brain cells as it spreads. As such, parents or guardians, coaches, and medical staff should be on the lookout for symptoms of concussions, mild, modest, or severe.

 

Primary symptoms

 

The primary symptoms of a concussion include headache, dizziness, changes in vision, sensitivity to light, slow reaction times with any mental activity (including counting, holding a conversation, and anything that involves memory).

In addition, concussions can show up as confusion or disorientation, slurred speech and nausea or vomiting. Ringing in the ears is common and, among children, uncharacteristic crying and mood swings can occur. Fatigue is also a potential symptom. 

 

Public Awareness

 

Public awareness concerning chronic traumatic encephalopathy has risen in recent years starting, tragically with numerous suicides and cognitive disorders among retired professional football players. However important such awareness is, the public is often fed erroneous information about concussions through popular entertainment. Adventure movies are filled with fights that end with someone (or many people) “knocked out.” Yet there is no follow-through that warns the public that being “knocked out,” in a movie fistfight has zero accountability. Knocking someone out in the movies is considered normal, common, and unimportant. This should not be the case in real life. 

 

Treatment

 

Severe or repeated concussions can cause permanent brain damage, which is why even mild concussions must be taken very seriously. Multiple concussions can result in a chronic problem.

For mild to moderate concussions, the symptoms will likely fade away in seven to 10 days. In the meantime, the counter anti-inflammatory, such as ibuprofen and naproxen can help. Anyone recovering from a concussion should also reduce the time spent watching television, video games, or computer screens and get plenty of rest.

The most important tip involving concussions, however, is to avoid strenuous activities, especially one that could result in another blow to the head. Never participate in sports until the concussion has fully healed and the return to sports is cleared by your doctor.

 

Continue Reading

You Love to Bike – Stay Safe

By  aenriquez  published  June 24, 2020

Riding a bicycle is one of the most pleasant and appealing global pastimes. In the minds of many, bicycling ranks right up there with taking a nap and hiking in the woods among the most pleasant activities.

A pedal bicycle is quiet, gets you where you want to go, and is a terrific exercise for staying in shape and getting in those cardio minutes that your doctor recommends.

But bicycling does involve serious risks for mishaps and injuries based on overuse of a particular muscle group. As far as mishaps go, sadly, the American Family Physicians organization notes that bicycling is second in a list of most dangerous activities, following No. 1, which is riding animals as a sport. Bicycling accounts for approximately 900 deaths per year in the United States and accounts for 23,000 hospital admissions, 580,00 emergency room visits, and 1.2 million appointments with family physicians each year.

Yes, this is the activity that brings to mind bucolic scenes of bicycle riders in the 1800(s) and reminds of us of that playfully romantic song, “A Bicycle Built for Two.”

There are risks in any sport, but bicycling has numerous risk factors, some of which are behavioral and some of which are circumstantial. That said, you can change your behavior by wearing a helmet. But most of us do not change genders and males are more likely to have a bicycle accident than females. Here is a list of risk factors. Pay special attention to the risk factors you can change:

Circumstantial Risk Factors

  • Men are more likely than females to get into a bicycle accident
  • Cyclists are between the ages of 9 to 14 have a higher risk
  • Riding over unsafe ground, such as riding on ice or mountain biking
  • An automobile is involved
  • Cyclist has a pre-existing condition
  • Bicyclist is from an unstable family life

In contrast, here are some behaviors that you can change to reduce your risk of getting into an accident or sustaining a dangerous injury:

  • Wearing a helmet, which is required by law in some places
  • Riding while intoxicated
  • Bicycling in early mornings or late evenings – essentially, this refers to bicycling when sunlight is apt to be glaring or dim
  • Riding without reflective warning lights on a bicycle
  • Bicycling when tired
  • Bicycling when under the influence of medicinal or non-medicinal drugs.
  • Riding at high speeds downhill or otherwise
  • Trying to perform trick while riding

Common Injuries

Of course, there are specific injuries involving bicycles, which include strained muscles and sprained tendons. The most common areas for inflammation to build up from overuse injuries are in the lower back and the knee. Neck strains are also common due to holding your head up while leaning forward for long periods.

Minor injuries include chafing, sore muscles, and sunburn.

Final Words

At the start of the biking season, many people try to bike more miles than they are used to. Remember to start slow and work up your stamina from there. Consult your doctor on what your limitations might be. Then get out there and stay safe and have fun.

Continue Reading

Stretching Tips To Help Prevent Injury

By  aenriquez  published  June 19, 2020

It is safe to say that stretching before you exercise is one of the most under-appreciated health tips. Yes, it’s popular to establish a cardio-style exercise regime. Yes, it’s helpful to improve muscle tone by lifting or with other isometric practices. But stretching? Who has time for that?

The fact is, that athletic-looking man or woman in the parking lot who is walking on crutches or that great tennis player you watched at the courts with two knee braces to keep him going is often someone who did not stretch before going full force in their chosen sport. In addition, many people who stretch will tell you they do so because they suffered a ligament tear in high school or the doctor warned them their knee would “blow out” again if they didn’t take proper care of themselves.

Of course, you can stretch properly and still get hurt. You can ignore stretching and get lucky, working out hard without injury. But you are still raising risks by not stretching before your workout. Here’s why.

BENEFITS OF STRETCHING

Makes tasks easier

Increased flexibility simply makes it easier to perform in any sport. Furthermore, going hard in any sport can make muscles and ligaments tighten, rather than gain flexibility, according to the Mayo Clinic. So, why risk injury or a compromised performance? 

Improves range of motion

An approved range of motion is also why some tasks are easier when you stretch first. You can reach further, run easier, and extend yourself a bit more when you stretch regularly. Have you ever noticed how you can climb a set of stairs much easier after you stretch?

Better posture

Having good posture can be compared to the balance you need to ride a bicycle. When you are in balance, the bike seems to have no weight. When you are off-balance, then you realize how much the bicycle weighs.

The same can be said for better posture. You can run faster and react quickly when you have the correct posture. Also, the correct posture will translate to less wear and tear progression on your joints.

Better circulation

Your cardio-vascular system pumps oxygen to the many parts of your body. Oxygen is transferred from the atmosphere to your blood supply by your lungs. You also need to exhale carbon dioxide.

Needless to say, your cardio-vascular system is critical for all human movement and survival. When you exercise, of course, you breathe harder, because your body needs more oxygen when you work out. Stretching helps by getting your heart pumping at a higher rate before you start running hard.

Some Tips On Stretching

There are two basic styles of stretching. One is called “dynamic” stretching. This involves stretching in a more aggressive style – stretching by exercising lightly or “bouncing” as you stretch.

The other style of stretching is called “static ” stretching. This style involves no bouncing, only pulling gently on muscles and ligaments. With static stretching, you stretch in one direction gently and keep up the pressure for a moment or two.

Leg stretches while sitting with your legs stretched out in front of you and bending forward is a form of static stretching, while running in place would be seen as dynamic stretching.

Thirty Seconds

Stretching a muscle group gently but firmly is recommended for static stretching, widely viewed as the correct style for most of us. It is also recommended that you hold each stretch for 30 seconds, then relax and repeat the stretch several times.

Pain-free

If the stretching causes you pain, you have gone too far. Ease back and aim for pain-free stretching. If the pain persists or reduces your functioning significantly, discuss the matter with your physician.

For top sports injury care in the Tempe, Arizona, area, call the FXRX clinic for an appointment. Dial 480-449-FXRX.

Continue Reading

Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction Affects Mostly Women, But Men Too

By  aenriquez  published  June 11, 2020

It has been postulated, casually and clinically, that there will be a sudden rise in childbirths nine months after the initial COVID-19 lockdown date in each country. If this is true, congratulations are in order. However, one study has shown that 37.1 percent of pregnant women experience some degree of discomfort from symphysis pubis dysfunction, an ailment that also affects men and non-pregnant women.

Symphysis pubis discomfort is the name given to a condition marked by pain in the symphysis pubis joint, which is where the two pelvis bones meet in the front of the pelvis. This joint is held together by a dense pattern of ligaments, which can become stretched and strained. When this occurs, the discomfort can be anywhere from mild to severe.

Symptoms of Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction

  • Pain in the pelvic region, which can be mild to severe. Clicking noise in the pelvis while in motion occasionally appears
  • Difficulty walking or maintaining proper posture when walking
  • Incontinence can develop.
  • Difficulty urinating can also occur.
  • Diagnosing Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction

Doctors begin diagnosing symphysis pubis dysfunction or SPD by reviewing the patient’s medical history and through a one-on-one discussion.  Frequently, ultrasounds are given to assess the problem. In addition, X-ray images can be used to diagnose SPD, but this is not recommended for pregnant women.

Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction and Pregnancy

Pregnancy can cause SPD and occurs in higher rates among pregnant women who were obese before they became pregnant. It is also prevalent in men or women who experienced lower back pain in the past.

 The health of the fetus is not affected by PSD, although it could be a factor in the decision of how to deliver the child. Women with PSD should discuss this with their obstetrician and/or their primary physician.

One option for pregnant women with PSD is to wear a supportive belt that takes some of the pressure off the woman’s pelvic bones. This can reduce discomfort if worn for the prescribed duration. Another study reported that 20 percent of those with PSD experience bouts of severe pain.

What Can You Do? Treatment Options

There are several steps you should review with your physician. These include several options you can try at home to reduce distress from PSD.

  • Chiropractic sessions help in some cases
  • Massage therapy can help in some cases

Stretching. Doctors often recommended an exercise that involves lying on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. The patient then tightens the stomach muscles and the gluteal muscles in 20-second intervals. The process is repeated 10-20 times.

  • Putting a pillow between legs while asleep
  • Avoid long periods of sitting
  • Rest
  • Supportive shoes help in some cases
  • Kegel exercises
  • Keep knees together when standing from a sitting position to reduce discomfort
  • Pain medication can help in some cases

If you are experiencing Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction symptoms, call the FXRX clinic in Tempe, Arizona, for an appointment. Dial 480-449-FXRX.

Continue Reading

How to Fit Exercise into a Busy Life

By  aenriquez  published  June 8, 2020

The COVID-19 lockdown has reminded many of us that you don’t need New Year’s Eve to establish new priorities in your life. Many people have re-established their connections to nature, taking long walks that may have faded from memory before the crisis began. Others have dusted off their neglected home exercise equipment dedicated an hour a day to get in shape.

However, with and without lockdown measures, modern lives are busy.  We fill up the day with work, chores, projects, cooking, and time-erasing entertainment. So, how do you maintain a healthy workout routine when your life seems too busy to do so?

Here are some tips for starting an exercise routine or sneaking one in when your life seems to busy to do so.

One strategy involves becoming more efficient in your exercise style. Often recommended are styles called interval training or a similar strategy called Tabata training. There is also a popular option known as the Seven-Minute Workout.

Interval training

This style of training combines various exercises. A very common form of this is a jogging path that also includes chin-up bars, rope climbs, and other options.

Tabata training

This is similar to interval training. With this style, you combine two times of exercises, say pushups combined with jumping jacks. You do jumping jacks for 20 seconds, then take a 10-second rest and then do the pushups for 20 seconds. After a few cycles of this, you switch to two other exercises, still keeping with the 20 second/10 second routine.

Seven-Minute Workouts

This routine involves doing twelve different activities for 30 seconds then taking a 10-second break between each one. The specific exercises can vary, but one standard seven-minute routine includes jumping jacks, wall sits, push-ups, abdominal crunches, step-ups using a chair, squats, triceps dips using a chair, plank, running in place with high steps, lunges, push-ups with rotations and side planks.

Other tips:

Do what you love

If you find it difficult to even think of exercising, try getting a workout through something you love. Maybe you enjoy a game of tennis. As long as you exercise at least three times a week, you should be all right.

Take any Motivation you can find

Don’t worry about motivation. Anything that works is perfectly acceptable. Maybe you just enjoy the company you can find at the gym. If that helps get you there, don’t argue with it. Say thanks and get to the gym.

Make a Schedule

Some people need a routine they can stick to. If so, put exercise down as a priority and don’t let other distractions derail your routine.

Stairs Instead of Elevators

This idea involves more than just avoiding elevators when possible. There are many ways to include exercise in your daily life. Try parking at the farthest reaches of the parking lot rather than parking as close to the store as possible.

If you are just beginning an exercise regime and need advice, call the FXRX clinic in Tempe, Arizona, for an appointment. Dial 480-449-FXRX.

Continue Reading

Does Your Child Have Sever’s Disease?

By  aenriquez  published  March 12, 2020

Sever’s disease is a common affliction of the back of the heel that is brought on by stress on that area during childhood and adolescence. The dynamics of Sever’s disease, named after the doctor who first described it in 1912, makes logical sense when you look at the basic conditions that create the disease

Bone growth and intense physical activity are the two basic conditions that create (or can create) Sever’s disease. The back of the heel is the location of growth for the heel bone. This occurs at a site known as the bone plate or growth plate. When we are fully grown, the bone plate closes over and becomes solid bone. But when we are young and growing, a growth plate is weaker than solid bone.

Children, of course, are very physically active. Sever’s disease, it follows, is most often associated with athletic children, especially during a period in which they participate in competitive sports and even more specifically when that sports that require wearing cleats – football, sometimes soccer, hockey, lacrosse and other sports – which can put more stress on a child’s heel due to the hardness of the shoe.

Simply because girls and boys mature at different ages, the onset of Sever’s disease differs from gender to gender. It can occur younger or older than these ages, but the most common age for cases is from ages 5-12 for all children and from ages 8-10 for girls and ages 10-12 for boys.

Symptoms of Sever’s Disease

The symptoms of Sever’s disease, which is also called calcaneal apophysitis, revolve around pain, swelling, and redness in the heel. Specifically, the symptoms include:
 

  • Painful heels, especially when walking or running
  • Redness of the heel and ankle
  • Swelling of heel and/or ankle
  • Heat coming from the swollen, red area
  • Difficulty walking
  • Tendency to favor the heel by walking on the ball of your foot or on your toes

Treatment

First, be aware that Sever’s disease is almost always a temporary condition that is relieved by rest with elevation, with occasional applications of an ice pack and with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication, such as naproxen and/or ibuprofen.

  • Rest the heel or heels. Stay off your feet for a while.
  • Keep the feet elevated as you rest.
  • Apply cold packs or ice, as needed to reduce pain, heat, and swelling
  • .Wear softer shoes.
  • Wear insoles that cushion your foot.
  • Discuss temporary braces with your physician.
  • In severe cases, discuss the possibility of a cast to immobilize the area.

Rest assured that Sever’s disease which is associated with childhood and adolescence, is generally a short-term condition corrected by rest, a change of footwear, and over-the-counter medications. By definition, it does not carry over into adulthood because the heel bone has stopped growing by then, and the growth plate is replaced by solid bone.

Continue Reading

Parents: Do You Have A First Aid Kit Ready? You Should

By  aenriquez  published  March 2, 2020

It is five in the morning, and you’re sound asleep, dreaming of lambs and butterflies, but a persistent drumming sound is pounding your eardrums. You start to gain consciousness when you realize it’s your child out in the driveway once again practicing layups. Then the drumming stops, and you know he’s just tried a jump shot, and you wait for the ball to crash against the garage. You have an athletic kid. What are you going to do?

You could call the police – just kidding. Or you could open the window and tell him you’re trying to sleep. Or you could assemble a first aid kit because you know someday you’re going to need one. We recommend that this is the choice you make – oh, and make some coffee or buy some earmuffs. You can’t sell your kid. You’re stuck with ’em.

So, here are a few items you should include in that first aid kit, which you probably should make up twice – one for the car, one for the home.

You could go all out and buy an ambulance. But here are a few basics you’ll want to have on hand if your kid is a go-go-go athletic type.

No. 1 A first aid book or, better yet, flashcards. There’s no sense having a first aid kit if you don’t know what you’re doing with it. Get a handy flashcard that lists easy to follow diagrams. This is not the time to stop and read. You want to go to the instructions right away.

A cell phone and phone numbers. Keep a list or upload emergency numbers into your phone, so they are easy to find in an emergency.

An updated list of medical forms, including allergies and current or recently used medications.

Surgical scissors and bandage sheers. Basically, you want a pointy set of scissors and a non-pointy set. The non-pointy set is great for times you don’t want to slip and stab someone, including yourself or your child. But you may find a need for pointy scissors when you have to start sheering in the middle of an article of clothing, for example.

Safety pins. You’ll be surprised how handy everyday necessities like safety pins can be in an emergency.

Forceps and tweezers. Forceps are professional grade tweezers that can clamp and hold position while pinched. Very handy. On the other hand, they tend to be larger than some applications require. Smaller tweezers can be better when trying to extract a small splinter, for example.

Wooden tongue depressors are useful for holding things (including tongues) in place when you don’t want to use your fingers.

Surgical gloves and CPR masks are both very handy when you want to avoid trading germs around. Buy a small pack of sterile gloves.

A flashlight – preferably one that works. Test your flashlight often to make sure that the batteries are up for the job and that the thing works properly.

Travel-ready cold and heat packs that can be used on the road. These packs often work by squeezing the package, which allows for a chemical reaction to produce either a refrigerant or heat.

A blanket and a cell phone. These require no explanation. However, you can shop around for a blanket designed for emergencies. Often these are highly effective and easy to pack.

Elastic bandages, bandage tape and an assortment of Band-Aids. Bandages should include wrapping gauze and various sizes of sterile gauze pads. Include non-stick bandages as well. Also, sterile cotton swabs are handy.

Liquid soap and alcohol pads or a bottle of alcohol are useful for cleaning and sterilizing hands, wounds and equipment.

Aluminum finger splints, eye patches, sterile eyewash, contact lens remover, eye bandages.

Anti-bacterial liquid soap, sunscreen, lip balm, anti-bacterial ointment, topical pain medication for bee stings and the like.

An asthma inhaler if your child has asthma. Often children forget to bring their inhaler and have asthma attacks at inopportune times.

If first aid kits are not very helpful for worse cases, immediately bring the patient to a primary care doctor.

Continue Reading

Seven Strange Symptoms of Dehydration

By  aenriquez  published  February 26, 2020

Dehydration, in a mild form, is a common occurrence in the United States due to the relative accessibility the public has to clean drinking water. However, it remains a serious public hazard in many parts of the world and is a significant cause of death when associated with other conditions, such as the flu, diarrhea or vomiting, all of which contribute to hydration declines and do not always occur with a rise in thirst, which is the most obvious signal that says your body is low in fluids.

Since dehydration is defined as a lack of fluid, it quickly affects all of the most obvious forms of liquid-oriented systems in your body, which include blood flow, the passing of urine, saliva, and sweat. Our bodies, however, are 75-78 percent water when we are born, a figure that drops to 65 percent after one year. As adults, our bodies are between 50 percent and 65 percent water. So, it follows that regular intake of high volumes of water is a critical health concern.

Moreover, it helps to understand how our bodies eliminate fluids, which is primarily by exhaling, sweating, and urinating. With these three methods, our bodies rid themselves of about a cup, two cups, and six cups of water per day, respectively. Needless to say, that would be the minimum amount of water that needs to be consumed each day to break even. The standard recommendation of water intake, however, is frequently called 8X8, a shorthand way to remind you to drink eight glasses of eight ounces of water per day. That’s a half-gallon of water per day.

Dehydration

Severe dehydration is, of course, fatal. But many warning signs tell you that you are low on fluids – besides thirst. Here are some of the signs:

  • Headaches

Our brains are approximately 70 percent water. As such, a lack of water quickly affects the brain, specifically by causing it to shrink in size, which leads to headaches.

As such, the first thing to do when you have a headache is not always to reach for an aspirin, but simply to drink a glass or two of water. If you want to cover your bases, then take the recommended dose of aspirin and drink two glasses of water at the same time.

  • Dizziness

Lack of water leads to two critical medical conditions that have far-ranging implications. These are a decrease in blood flow and a decrease in blood pressure. Both of these contribute to dizziness, which, as you may already know, is a common occurrence when you are sick with the flu. People with the flu lie down and sleep a lot. When they get up quickly, they become dizzy because they have not been drinking water while they are asleep.

  • Less Elasticity of the Skin

The way a veterinarian diagnosis dehydration in an animal is by pinching and pulling its skin. The skin forms a pinched shape and, when the doctor lets to, the skin does not spring back to its normal position, the pinched bump remains upright. This occurs in humans as well. Skin, when dehydrated, does not retreat to a normal position when it is dried out.

  • Dark Urine

When you are dehydrated, the kidneys react. They react by holding onto liquids, storing it up; this turns your urine dark yellow and even brown in some cases.

  • Muscle Cramps

Muscles need water, the same as all body tissues. When dry, they get tighter, leading to cramps.

  • Bad Breath

Your saliva is critical for keeping your breath smell clean. It does this through its antibiotic properties, which are very handy in the mouth, where people are likely to introduce bacteria to your system. When there is a lack of saliva, the bacteria of your mouth thrive, creating bad breath.

  • Rashes

Rashes Your skin reacts to heat in various ways. One symptom is prickly feelings on your skin. Another way is heat rash. A red, bumpy rash, often called hives, appears when you are overheated, which is a symptom of dehydration.

Continue Reading