Are you considering surgery for your persistent hip pain? Have non-surgical treatments failed to provide enough relief? If the answer to any or both of those questions is yes, you should consider Regenerative Medicine.
Regenerative medicine treatments focus on enhancing the body’s natural ability to heal and provides a unique solution for all types of joint pain.
Our body has its own growth factors and stem cells to repair and regenerate damaged tissues. These can be extracted from your own body in the form of PRP or platelet rich plasma or bone marrow concentrate.
PRP or Platelet-rich plasma refers to blood that has been processed to obtain a concentrate of platelets along with the liquid component, plasma. Platelets contain growth factors required for healing.
Bone marrow concentrate is derived from the marrow and is rich in growth factors as well as stem cells.
Regenerative treatments for hip pain
The hip is a ball-and-socket type of joint where the ball-type head of the femur fits into the socket-like cavity called the acetabulum formed by the hip bones. The articulating surfaces of the bones are covered by smooth cartilage that allows the bones to glide over each other during movement. Hip pain is caused due to osteoarthritis or inflammation of the joint due to wear and tear of the articular cartilage and rubbing of the bones against each other. Pain may also be the result of damage or injury to the soft tissues surrounding the joint, such as ligaments, tendon, and bursae.
When PRP injections of PRP are administered into the hip joint, there is evidence of regeneration of cartilage and other injured tissue, resulting in reduced pain and improved function. Hence, regenerative medicine offers a unique opportunity to facilitate healing of deep tissues and can be used to effectively treat hip pain or delay surgery. Discuss with your doctor whether regenerative medicine options are suitable for you.
Tendons are thick cord-like tissues that join muscles to your bones. When these tissues become irritated or inflamed, it is referred to as tendinitis. Tendinitis causes acute pain, tenderness and difficulty in moving the affected joint.
Your shoulder, knee, elbow, heel, or wrist are more prone to tendinitis, resulting in conditions, such as Swimmer’s shoulder, Jumper’s knee, Pitcher’s shoulder, Golfer’s elbow and Tennis elbow.
Causes of tendinitis
Tendinitis is often caused due to repetitive action. You may develop tendinitis if you frequently make the same motion while playing or working. Tendinitis can also be the result of injury, aging and diseases like diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.
Players of certain sports, such as tennis, golf, or basketball, are at a higher risk of developing tendinitis. If you job involves frequently engaging in activities, such as overhead lifting, or other repetitive motions, you may be at high risk for tendinitis.
Symptoms of tendinitis
Tendinitis pain usually appears as a dull ache, concentrated around the affected joint. Pain worsens upon movement. The affected area may be tender, and painful to touch. You may experience tightness and swelling in the affected area.
Treatments for tendinitis
Treatment options for tendinitis focus on reducing pain and inflammation in the tendon. These may include one or more of the following –
- medications, such as the pain relievers and the anti-inflammatory
- physical therapy and stretching and strengthening exercises to improve mobility
- supports such as splints, braces, or a cane
- corticosteroid injections
When arthritis causes inflammation and pain in your joints, your orthopedic doctor may recommend a cortisone injection as part of your treatment plan. The injection delivers medication directly to the inflamed joint and reduces inflammation. However, the cortisone pain relief is short term. Yet it allows the patient to undergo physical therapy which can further prolong relief.
Duration of relief varies
Cortisone shots are used in the treatment of several joint conditions in the body. How long the relief will last will depend upon various factors, such as the patient’s age, the condition treated, the joint affected, and patient’s overall health. Generally, a cortisone shot can suppress pain for anywhere between 6 weeks to 6 months.
Number of shots
While there is no medical limit on how many injections you can receive, the number of shots your doctor recommends will depend upon your body’s response to the shot. If the first injection doesn’t provide sufficient pain relief, your doctor may give a second injection 4-6 weeks later. If there’s still no relief, a third injection may not be recommended.
Cortisone shots are only one of the treatment options
Remember that cortisone injections are only one of the tools in your overall treatment plan. Your orthopedic surgeon can provide you various other options for pain relief in your arthritis treatment.
The combination of a cortisone shot with physical therapy and lifestyle modifications has shown better long-term relief.
If you are considering a cortisone shot, discuss your goals and condition with your orthopedic doctor to determine whether cortisone shots will prove beneficial in your overall treatment.
Orthopedic injuries that result in open fractures (fractures that break the skin) should rush to the nearest ER or call 911. But there are other orthopedic injuries that require urgent orthopedic care.
The knee is may suffer an injury even during walking. Most knee injuries are the result of a –
- sudden change in direction (such as pivoting, shifting, jumping), or
- sudden force (stepping down from a high surface, landing during a jump)
Any knee injury should be taken seriously and be seen by an orthopedic doctor. Common knee injuries include cartilage and ligament tears, sprains and strains.
Since the shoulder is one of the most mobile joints, it bears great force and rotation every day. If the soft tissues, such as ligaments and muscles, of the shoulder are overused or overstressed, injuries may occur. Common shoulder injuries are rotator cuff tears, shoulder fractures, shoulder dislocations and injuries to the soft tissues.
The most common ankle injury is a sprain. When the ankle is –
- over inverted, such that the soles of the feet point inward, or
- over everted, such that the soles of the feet point outward, or
the ligaments of the ankle joint suffer a sprain. Ankle sprains may vary in severity.
Wrist injuries usually occur while landing on an outstretched arm during a fall. The wrist may suffer a strain that causes pain, swelling, bruising, and even numbness. A wrist fracture can also similar symptoms.
Are you considering surgery for your chronic knee or other joint pain? Have you tried conservative treatments but not obtained enough relief? Maybe you should consider Regenerative Medicine. Innovative and advanced regenerative medicine treatments, such as PRP therapy, can enhance the body’s natural healing ability, providing remarkable solutions for all types of joint pain.
The body uses natural growth factors and stem cells to repair and regenerate tissues. These can be obtained from your own body in the form of PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) or stem cells. Platelet-rich plasma is derived from blood taken from the person’s own body. Platelet rich plasma contains platelets and growth factors essential for healing.
How does PRP treatment help with joint pain?
Chronic joint pain is often the result of loss or wear and tear of the smooth, articular cartilage that helps the bones of a joint glide over each other during movement. Joint pain is mainly caused by osteoarthritis or inflammation of the joint due to rubbing of the bones against each other. Pain may result from injury to the soft tissues surrounding the joint such as ligaments, tendon, and bursae.
When fluoroscopy-guided injections of PRP are administered into a joint over a period of time, the cartilage regenerates, pain reduces and joint function improves.
Regenerative medicine treatments allow deep tissue healing and can be used to effectively treat joint pain and delay the need for surgery. Discuss with your orthopedic if regenerative medicine options are right for you.
Every year orthopedic surgery allows millions of people suffering from debilitating injury or disease to return to their normal lifestyle.
Any type of surgery on the musculoskeletal system, performed to treat painful symptoms or restore mobility may be considered orthopedic surgery. Orthopedic surgery includes a wide range of procedures, from the repair or removal of torn ligaments and tendons to complex procedures, such as joint replacement surgery.
However, many people suffering from painful, degenerative joint diseases or painful injuries are unaware of the benefits of orthopedic surgery. Advancements in surgical techniques allows many patients to undergo outpatient surgery and return home the same day or the day after and recover much faster than ever before.
It may be time for orthopedic surgery, if you have tried conservative treatment options ,such as medications, steroid injections, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications and still experience the following signs –
- Persistent or returning bone and joint pain
- Pain worsens upon with activity
- Limited mobility
- Difficulty with activities of daily living
- Pain interferes with sleep
- Grinding sensation in the joints
- Poor quality of life due to pain, restricted mobility and inability to carry out normal activities
Why should you live with pain when orthopedic surgery offers a safe and permanent solution to many bone and joint conditions? Waiting too long to seek treatment may worsen your condition. If you have been living with an orthopedic condition that seems stubborn, visit an orthopedic doctor or surgeon to have it diagnosed and to explore possible treatment options.
Meniscus is a disc-shaped cushion that keeps the surfaces of bones at the knee joints from coming in contact with or rubbing against each other. The meniscus keeps the knee joint stable and helps in movement as well as maintaining balance.
When the meniscus is damaged, it can make even daily movements painful or even cause the knee joints to lock up.
Meniscus repairs have become more successful with the development of newer tools and advanced technology.
Each knee has two menisci and they can be torn due to some form of twisting or excessive knee bending. The meniscus may get torn due to –
- lifting something heavy
- squatting down
- playing basketball
- stepping off a curb
- aging and having arthritic damage
Large tears can cause the knee to lock up. Meniscus damage can cause knee pain and swelling due to the irritation to the joint from the unstable meniscus tissue or the excess stress to the joint from the loss of the cushioning.
Most meniscus tears do not require surgery. There are a variety of treatment options that can be effective in reducing symptoms.
Your orthopedic surgeon would determine the need for and viability of a meniscus repair for you.
After surgery, physical therapy is needed to retsore range of motion, reduce swelling and regain muscle function. After 4-6 weeks, weight bearing is gradually initiated, and a normal gait is the next goal.
The decision to undergo a knee replacement is tough. Several factors need to be taken into consideration. If your doctor recommends a knee replacement procedure but you are still sitting on the fence, here are important facts things that may help you make an informed decision.
Indicators for a knee replacement
Knee replacement surgery is typically advised when –
- the pain makes it impossible for you to sleep or perform normal, everyday activities
- you suffer from arthritis of the knee
- your knee is significantly damaged (e.g., due to injury)
- other treatments have proven ineffective
Knee replacement procedure
During the procedure, you’ll be given a local (in the joint), regional (from the waist down) or general (that will make you sleep through the surgery) anesthesia. A small incision is then made in the knee. The knee is pumped with saline and a small camera or arthroscope is inserted inside the joint to make it easier for the surgeon to look inside the joint and carry out the procedure. Your orthopedic surgeon then investigates the source of the knee pain. Depending on the underlying condition, the doctor clean up or repair the joint tissues. Artificial implants are used to replace the damaged parts of the joint. The procedure presents minimal risk and has proven beneficial to a majority of the patients.
Recovery after the knee replacement
The post-surgery period is critical in terms of getting back on your feet. You have to do rehabilitation exercises at home to ensure your knee can completely recover.
The Osgood-Schlatter disease is a common cause of knee pain among adolescents. The pain is experienced in the front of the knee, just below the kneecap. The condition involves inflammation of a growth plate of the shin bone or tibia.
The bones of growing adolescents have growth plates. These are areas of cartilage located near the ends of bones. When full growth is achieved, the growth plates turn into solid bone. Some growth plates also serve as attachment sites for tendons, the tissues that connect muscles to bones.
At the end of the tibia, there is a bony bump called the tibial tubercle, which covers the growth plate. The quadriceps (muscles in the front of the thigh) attach to the tibial tubercle.
When the child is active, the quadriceps muscles pull on the patellar tendon, which in turn, pulls on the tibial tubercle. In some children, this leads to inflammation of the growth plate. The tibial tubercle may become very noticeable as a bump.
Causes and Symptoms
Osgood-Schlatter disease typically occurs during growth spurts. Since physical activity causes additional stress on bones and muscles, children who engage in strenuous activity are at an increased risk for this condition.
Symptoms for Osgood-Schlatter disease include –
- pain caused on jumping or running
- knee pain and tenderness
- tight thigh muscles
Osgood-Schlatter disease Treatment
In most cases the condition improves with –
- limiting activity
- over-the-counter medication
- stretching and strengthening exercises
- symptoms typically go away when the individual completes the adolescent growth spurt, around 14 years in case of girls and 16 years for boys.
Meniscus tears are the most common knee injuries. These injuries can affect either the medial or lateral meniscus. Tears may occur because of a sudden, twisting motion resulting in –
- ‘catching’ or ‘locking’ sensation
If the physical examination by the orthopedic surgeon shows a torn meniscus, an MRI can be advised for confirmation.
Initially, meniscus tears are treated conservatively with rest, ice and NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen. It may be complemented with physical therapy for muscle strength and improved range of motion. Arthroscopic surgery may be recommended for severe cases.
However, now a highly effective, non-surgical intervention is available – PRP therapy. PRP or Platelet Rich Plasma therapy uses concentrated platelets from your own blood. With the help of ultrasound guidance, the injection is administered into the tear, allowing the tear to heal naturally. The injection is given under local anesthesia in an outpatient setting.
Other common knee injuries are –
- ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament tear
This tear occurs as the result of a sudden stopping, sudden change in direction or hyperextension. This could be accompanied with a ‘popping’ sensation followed by deep pain, swelling, and instability.
- PCL or Posterior Cruciate Ligament tear
The PCL can become inured due to a force to the anterior shin bone when the knee is flexed.
Both ACL and PCL tear can be treated with PRP therapy, stimulating the body’s natural healing mechanism.