PRP therapy, or platelet rich plasma therapy, provides relief to patients of sports injuries, osteoarthritis, and other joint problems, especially those that prevent you from doing the things you enjoy.
How does platelet rich plasma help?
Your blood is made up of several components – plasma (the liquid), red and white blood cells, and platelets. Out of these, the platelets have a unique ability – they clot your blood in the event of an injury, to enable repair and healing.
These natural healer cells also contain multiple growth factors that rush to the site of injury and begin repairing damaged tissue and aid in wound healing.
How is platelet rich plasma therapy performed?
Your orthopedic doctor can prepare PRP from your blood, and injected them back into the site of your injury. The dense concentration of platelets offers an environment in which natural healing can occur, without the need for surgery.
During your procedure, a technician draws blood from your arm, as in a routine blood draw. This blood is then spun at a high speed in a centrifuge. As a result, the platelets separate from the rest of the solids and plasma. The highly concentrated, and platelet rich plasma, is injected into your injury.
The entire process takes less than an hour. Depending on the type and extent of your injury, you may need a series of injections over time.
PRP therapy can help to heal –
- Torn or injured tendons and ligaments
- Hairline fractures
- Wound healing
- Adhesion of bone or tissue grafts
In osteoarthritis, the cartilage that cushions the space between the bones wears away, causing painful bone-on-bone friction.
When PRP is injected into your injured cartilage, the growth factors and other healing substances stimulate your body to produce new cells and tissue-strengthening protein called collagen that helps your new cartilage tissues stay hydrated and pliable.
PRP allows faster recover from a variety of injuries, including tendon and ligament injuries. PRP may also reduce your risk of reinjuring the soft tissue.