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Why is Platelet Rich Plasma therapy becoming so popular?

By  published  December 18, 2019

PRP therapy, or platelet rich plasma therapy, provides relief to patients of sports injuries, osteoarthritis, and other joint problems, especially those that prevent you from doing the things you enjoy.

How does platelet rich plasma help?

Your blood is made up of several components – plasma (the liquid), red and white blood cells, and platelets. Out of these, the platelets have a unique ability – they clot your blood in the event of an injury, to enable repair and healing.

These natural healer cells also contain multiple growth factors that rush to the site of injury and begin repairing damaged tissue and aid in wound healing.

How is platelet rich plasma therapy performed?

Your orthopedic doctor can prepare PRP from your blood, and injected them back into the site of your injury. The dense concentration of platelets offers an environment in which natural healing can occur, without the need for surgery.

During your procedure, a technician draws blood from your arm, as in a routine blood draw. This blood is then spun at a high speed in a centrifuge. As a result, the platelets separate from the rest of the solids and plasma. The highly concentrated, and platelet rich plasma, is injected into your injury.

The entire process takes less than an hour. Depending on the type and extent of your injury, you may need a series of injections over time.

PRP therapy can help to heal –

  • Torn or injured tendons and ligaments
  • Hairline fractures
  • Wound healing
  • Adhesion of bone or tissue grafts

In osteoarthritis, the cartilage that cushions the space between the bones wears away, causing painful bone-on-bone friction.

When PRP is injected into your injured cartilage, the growth factors and other healing substances stimulate your body to produce new cells and tissue-strengthening protein called collagen that helps your new cartilage tissues stay hydrated and pliable.

PRP allows faster recover from a variety of injuries, including tendon and ligament injuries. PRP may also reduce your risk of reinjuring the soft tissue.

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PRP Knee Injections

By  published  November 25, 2019

PRP, or Platelet Rich Plasma, is becoming increasingly popular in treating damaged tendons, arthritic joints, and other orthopedic conditions.

PRP is a non-invasive treatment option that can be used for various knee and shoulder conditions. PRP injections promote tissue healing and growth to relieve pain and discomfort. They provide lasting relief since they stimulate the body’s natural healing mechanism.

What is a PRP injection?

Platelets are cells, found in your blood. Platelets help the blood clot in case of an injury. However, they also carry growth factors that are essential to heal injuries.

Platelet rich plasma is derived from your own blood. The doctor will draw your blood as in a routine blood test. This blood will be spun in a centrifuge to separate various components. The platelets and plasma will be separated from the red blood cells. This platelet rich plasma will then be injected into a damaged tissue, such as a tendon or joint, to promote natural healing.

PRP Injections for Knee Conditions

Since they promote cell regeneration, PRP injections are often an effective treatment for knee osteoarthritis and other cartilage defects. PRP injections for the knees can begin the healing process and help to repair the damaged tissues in the knee.

A knee PRP injection can be used to treat –

  • soft tissues that have degenerated
  • arthritic joints
  • other parts of the knee that have become damaged, for example damaged ACL and meniscal injuries

PRP injections are a quite effective and safe treatment. Since PRP is made from your own blood, there is minimal risk of rejection or infection. Depending on your condition, the entire PRP injection procedure may take only 30 to 60 minutes.

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Can an Orthopedic Doctor Treat Arthritis?

By  published  October 25, 2019

If you suspect that you or a loved one has arthritis and you are wondering which doctor can treat your pain and other symptoms, the answer is – an orthopedic specialist.

Orthopedic doctors and surgeons are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of musculoskeletal disorders, including arthritis. Some orthopedic doctors specialize in hip and knee joints, while others may focus on the conditions affecting the hands and feet.

The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is caused due to the age-related wear and tear of articular cartilage (cartilage that serves as a cushion between bones), while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. In both cases, cartilage loss or damage leads to bone-on-bone friction, causing pain and swelling at the joints.

When to see an Orthopedic Doctor for Arthritis

It’s best to see an orthopedic doctor for your arthritis, if you are experiencing the follow symptoms:

  • Severe joint pain that limits movement
  • Gradually worsening joint pain – especially in the knees or hips, which worsens on standing
  • Joint pain after an accident or injury, such as a fall
  • Joint pain that does not respond to conventional treatment

While there’s no cure for arthritis, you can effectively manage its symptoms using conservative methods. However, if your symptoms persist and do not respond to conservative treatments, your orthopedic doctor may recommend surgery to relieve your pain, fix the damaged joints, and help you regain your range of motion.

Surgical approaches to treat arthritis include –

  • minimally invasive arthroscopy
  • osteotomy (the cutting or removal of bone
  • joint replacement (joint is replaced with artificial parts)

In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, anti-inflammatory drugs, pain medication, pain relief injections, and physical therapy are the treatment options. Your orthopedic doctor may recommend a joint replacement surgery if the condition has caused great damage to your joints.

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Can Regenerative Medicine Help my Hip Pain?

By  published  September 25, 2019

Are you considering surgery for your persistent hip pain? Have non-surgical treatments failed to provide enough relief? If the answer to any or both of those questions is yes, you should consider Regenerative Medicine.

Regenerative medicine treatments focus on enhancing the body’s natural ability to heal and provides a unique solution for all types of joint pain.

Our body has its own growth factors and stem cells to repair and regenerate damaged tissues. These can be extracted from your own body in the form of PRP or platelet rich plasma or bone marrow concentrate.

PRP or Platelet-rich plasma refers to blood that has been processed to obtain a concentrate of platelets along with the liquid component, plasma. Platelets contain growth factors required for healing.

Bone marrow concentrate is derived from the marrow and is rich in growth factors as well as stem cells.

Regenerative treatments for hip pain

The hip is a ball-and-socket type of joint where the ball-type head of the femur fits into the socket-like cavity called the acetabulum formed by the hip bones. The articulating surfaces of the bones are covered by smooth cartilage that allows the bones to glide over each other during movement. Hip pain is caused due to osteoarthritis or inflammation of the joint due to wear and tear of the articular cartilage and rubbing of the bones against each other. Pain may also be the result of damage or injury to the soft tissues surrounding the joint, such as ligaments, tendon, and bursae.

When PRP injections of PRP are administered into the hip joint, there is evidence of regeneration of cartilage and other injured tissue, resulting in reduced pain and improved function. Hence, regenerative medicine offers a unique opportunity to facilitate healing of deep tissues and can be used to effectively treat hip pain or delay surgery. Discuss with your doctor whether regenerative medicine options are suitable for you.

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What is Tendinitis?

By  published  August 22, 2019

Tendons are thick cord-like tissues that join muscles to your bones. When these tissues become irritated or inflamed, it is referred to as tendinitis. Tendinitis causes acute pain, tenderness and difficulty in moving the affected joint.

Your shoulder, knee, elbow, heel, or wrist are more prone to tendinitis, resulting in conditions, such as Swimmer’s shoulder, Jumper’s knee, Pitcher’s shoulder, Golfer’s elbow and Tennis elbow.

Causes of tendinitis

Tendinitis is often caused due to repetitive action. You may develop tendinitis if you frequently make the same motion while playing or working. Tendinitis can also be the result of injury, aging and diseases like diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.

Players of certain sports, such as tennis, golf, or basketball, are at a higher risk of developing tendinitis. If you job involves frequently engaging in activities, such as overhead lifting, or other repetitive motions, you may be at high risk for tendinitis.

Symptoms of tendinitis

Tendinitis pain usually appears as a dull ache, concentrated around the affected joint. Pain worsens upon movement. The affected area may be tender, and painful to touch. You may experience tightness and swelling in the affected area.

Treatments for tendinitis

Treatment options for tendinitis focus on reducing pain and inflammation in the tendon. These may include one or more of the following –

  • RICE
  • medications, such as the pain relievers and the anti-inflammatory
  • physical therapy and stretching and strengthening exercises to improve mobility
  • supports such as splints, braces, or a cane
  • surgery
  • corticosteroid injections
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How long do effects of a Cortisone Injection last?

By  published  July 24, 2019

When arthritis causes inflammation and pain in your joints, your orthopedic doctor may recommend a cortisone injection as part of your treatment plan. The injection delivers medication directly to the inflamed joint and reduces inflammation. However, the cortisone pain relief is short term. Yet it allows the patient to undergo physical therapy which can further prolong relief.

Duration of relief varies

Cortisone shots are used in the treatment of several joint conditions in the body. How long the relief will last will depend upon various factors, such as the patient’s age, the condition treated, the joint affected, and patient’s overall health. Generally, a cortisone shot can suppress pain for anywhere between 6 weeks to 6 months.

Number of shots

While there is no medical limit on how many injections you can receive, the number of shots your doctor recommends will depend upon your body’s response to the shot. If the first injection doesn’t provide sufficient pain relief, your doctor may give a second injection 4-6 weeks later. If there’s still no relief, a third injection may not be recommended.

Cortisone shots are only one of the treatment options

Remember that cortisone injections are only one of the tools in your overall treatment plan. Your orthopedic surgeon can provide you various other options for pain relief in your arthritis treatment.

The combination of a cortisone shot with physical therapy and lifestyle modifications has shown better long-term relief.

If you are considering a cortisone shot, discuss your goals and condition with your orthopedic doctor to determine whether cortisone shots will prove beneficial in your overall treatment.

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4 Common Injuries that require Urgent Orthopedic Care

By  published  June 21, 2019

Orthopedic injuries that result in open fractures (fractures that break the skin) should rush to the nearest ER or call 911. But there are other orthopedic injuries that require urgent orthopedic care.

Knee Injuries

The knee is may suffer an injury even during walking. Most knee injuries are the result of a –

  • sudden change in direction (such as pivoting, shifting, jumping), or
  • sudden force (stepping down from a high surface, landing during a jump)

Any knee injury should be taken seriously and be seen by an orthopedic doctor. Common knee injuries include cartilage and ligament tears, sprains and strains.

Shoulder Injuries

Since the shoulder is one of the most mobile joints, it bears great force and rotation every day.  If the soft tissues, such as ligaments and muscles, of the shoulder are overused or overstressed, injuries may occur. Common shoulder injuries are rotator cuff tears, shoulder fractures, shoulder dislocations and injuries to the soft tissues.

Ankle Injuries

The most common ankle injury is a sprain. When the ankle is –

  • over inverted, such that the soles of the feet point inward, or
  • over everted, such that the soles of the feet point outward, or

the ligaments of the ankle joint suffer a sprain. Ankle sprains may vary in severity.

Wrist Injuries

Wrist injuries usually occur while landing on an outstretched arm during a fall. The wrist may suffer a strain that causes pain, swelling, bruising, and even numbness. A wrist fracture can also similar symptoms.

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Regenerative Medicine can relieve your Joint Pain

By  published  May 22, 2019

Are you considering surgery for your chronic knee or other joint pain? Have you tried conservative treatments but not obtained enough relief? Maybe you should consider Regenerative Medicine. Innovative and advanced regenerative medicine treatments, such as PRP therapy, can enhance the body’s natural healing ability, providing remarkable solutions for all types of joint pain.

The body uses natural growth factors and stem cells to repair and regenerate tissues. These can be obtained from your own body in the form of PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) or stem cells. Platelet-rich plasma is derived from blood taken from the person’s own body. Platelet rich plasma contains platelets and growth factors essential for healing.

How does PRP treatment help with joint pain?

Chronic joint pain is often the result of loss or wear and tear of the smooth, articular cartilage that helps the bones of a joint glide over each other during movement. Joint pain is mainly caused by osteoarthritis or inflammation of the joint due to rubbing of the bones against each other. Pain may result from injury to the soft tissues surrounding the joint such as ligaments, tendon, and bursae.

When fluoroscopy-guided injections of PRP are administered into a joint over a period of time, the cartilage regenerates, pain reduces and joint function improves.

Regenerative medicine treatments allow deep tissue healing and can be used to effectively treat joint pain and delay the need for surgery. Discuss with your orthopedic if regenerative medicine options are right for you.


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When is it time for Orthopedic Surgery?

By  published  April 16, 2019

Every year orthopedic surgery allows millions of people suffering from debilitating injury or disease to return to their normal lifestyle.

Any type of surgery on the musculoskeletal system, performed to treat painful symptoms or restore mobility may be considered orthopedic surgery. Orthopedic surgery includes a wide range of procedures, from the repair or removal of torn ligaments and tendons to complex procedures, such as joint replacement surgery.

However, many people suffering from painful, degenerative joint diseases or painful injuries are unaware of the benefits of orthopedic surgery. Advancements in surgical techniques allows many patients to undergo outpatient surgery and return home the same day or the day after and recover much faster than ever before.

It may be time for orthopedic surgery, if you have tried conservative treatment options ,such as medications, steroid injections, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications and still experience the following signs –

  • Persistent or returning bone and joint pain
  • Pain worsens upon with activity
  • Limited mobility
  • Difficulty with activities of daily living
  • Pain interferes with sleep
  • Grinding sensation in the joints
  • Poor quality of life due to pain, restricted mobility and inability to carry out normal activities

Why should you live with pain when orthopedic surgery offers a safe and permanent solution to many bone and joint conditions? Waiting too long to seek treatment may worsen your condition. If you have been living with an orthopedic condition that seems stubborn, visit an orthopedic doctor or surgeon to have it diagnosed and to explore possible treatment options.


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Meniscus Tears and Repair

By  published  March 28, 2019

Meniscus is a disc-shaped cushion that keeps the surfaces of bones at the knee joints from coming in contact with or rubbing against each other. The meniscus keeps the knee joint stable and helps in movement as well as maintaining balance.

When the meniscus is damaged, it can make even daily movements painful or even cause the knee joints to lock up.

Meniscus repairs have become more successful with the development of newer tools and advanced technology.

Each knee has two menisci and they can be torn due to some form of twisting or excessive knee bending. The meniscus may get torn due to –

  • Kneeling
  • lifting something heavy
  • squatting down
  • playing basketball
  • stepping off a curb
  • aging and having arthritic damage

Large tears can cause the knee to lock up. Meniscus damage can cause knee pain and swelling due to the irritation to the joint from the unstable meniscus tissue or the excess stress to the joint from the loss of the cushioning.

Most meniscus tears do not require surgery. There are a variety of treatment options that can be effective in reducing symptoms.

Your orthopedic surgeon would determine the need for and viability of a meniscus repair for you.

After surgery, physical therapy is needed to retsore range of motion, reduce swelling and regain muscle function. After 4-6 weeks, weight bearing is gradually initiated, and a normal gait is the next goal.

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