Shoulder dislocation is a painful injury. It is common among athletes and may result from a fall or other trauma to the joint. Because the shoulder is a highly mobile joint, it is also at risk for easy dislocation.
Shoulder dislocation can be 2 different types –
- partial dislocation or subluxation – caused when the top of the humerus bone is partly out of the socket.
- complete dislocation – when the top of humerus comes completely out of the socket.
The shoulder can dislocate downward, backward or forward.
Symptoms of Shoulder Dislocation
- pain in and around the shoulder joint
- swelling around the shoulder
- shoulder joint stiffness
- weakness and/or numbness in the shoulder
- bruising in the shoulder region
- shoulder instability
Any combination of the above symptoms can mean a dislocated shoulder. It is best to have your shoulder examined by an orthopedic surgeon.
Whether your shoulder dislocation has happened for the first time or it is a repeat injury, it is important to have it diagnose and treated right away. The surgeon will be able to restore the joint into the correct place and provide immediate relief. This process is known as a closed reduction. Afterwards, your doctor may refer you to a physical therapist in order to help the joint become stronger and prevent future re-injury.