Tendons are thick cord-like tissues that join muscles to your bones. When these tissues become irritated or inflamed, it is referred to as tendinitis. Tendinitis causes acute pain, tenderness and difficulty in moving the affected joint.
Your shoulder, knee, elbow, heel, or wrist are more prone to tendinitis, resulting in conditions, such as Swimmer’s shoulder, Jumper’s knee, Pitcher’s shoulder, Golfer’s elbow and Tennis elbow.
Causes of tendinitis
Tendinitis is often caused due to repetitive action. You may develop tendinitis if you frequently make the same motion while playing or working. Tendinitis can also be the result of injury, aging and diseases like diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.
Players of certain sports, such as tennis, golf, or basketball, are at a higher risk of developing tendinitis. If you job involves frequently engaging in activities, such as overhead lifting, or other repetitive motions, you may be at high risk for tendinitis.
Symptoms of tendinitis
Tendinitis pain usually appears as a dull ache, concentrated around the affected joint. Pain worsens upon movement. The affected area may be tender, and painful to touch. You may experience tightness and swelling in the affected area.
Treatments for tendinitis
Treatment options for tendinitis focus on reducing pain and inflammation in the tendon. These may include one or more of the following –
- medications, such as the pain relievers and the anti-inflammatory
- physical therapy and stretching and strengthening exercises to improve mobility
- supports such as splints, braces, or a cane
- corticosteroid injections